Esdras, books of

Esdras is the Greek form of the name Ezra. The first book of Esdras is an alternative Greek version of part of 2 Chron., the whole of Ezra, and part of Nehemiah, and is included in the LXX together with the primary version of those works. It is therefore a work of history. In the Latin Vulgate the work is called 3 Esdras and is placed in an appendix in Roman Catholic bibles. (The title 1 and 2 Esdras is accorded in the Vulgate to the books of Ezra and Nehemiah.)
The book concentrates on the worship of the Temple and opens with an account of Josiah's reform of 621 BCE and ends with Ezra's reform (c.440 BCE). (Eastern Orthodox Christians regard 1 Esdras as deuterocanonical scripture.)
Chs. 3 to 14 of 2 Esdras, which was written in the 1st cent. CE, are a Jewish apocalypse consisting of revelations given in seven visions, published under the pseudonym of Ezra; there are Christian additions at the beginning and end which are sometimes designated respectively 5 and 6 Ezra. The rest of the work is sometimes also called 4 Esdras or 4 Ezra. It is known now only in various translations, including Latin, and is included in the appendix to the Vulgate. There is a remarkably honest discussion about human sin and how God deals with sinners, with a promise that the righteous will not lose their reward after they have died. Both 1 and 2 Esdras appear in the Apocrypha of Protestant Bibles (e.g. NRSV, REB).

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Esdras — ( el. Εσδρας) is a Greco Latin variation of the name of the scribe Ezra. It is still often used to refer to several books of Bible associated with the scribe.Differences in namesThe books associated with the scribe Ezra are titled differently in… …   Wikipedia

  • Esdras (Ezra) —     Esdras     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Esdras     (Or EZRA.)     I. ESDRAS THE MAN     Esdras is a famous priest and scribe connected with Israel s restoration after the Exile. The chief sources of information touching his life are the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Esdras — m Biblical: Greek form of the Hebrew name EZRA (SEE Ezra), used in the Douay Bible as the title of the Books of Ezra (I Esdras) and Nehemiah (2 Esdras) and of two further books (3 and 4 Esdras) not included in the Protestant canon …   First names dictionary

  • Books of the Bible — are listed differently in the canons of Jews, and Catholic, Protestant, Greek Orthodox, Slavonic Orthodox, Georgian, Armenian Apostolic, Syriac and Ethiopian Churches, although there is substantial overlap. A table comparing the canons of some of …   Wikipedia

  • Esdras — [ez′drəs] n. [Gr Esdras, Ezra] Bible either of two books in the Apocrypha about EZRA: abbrev. Esd …   English World dictionary

  • Esdras — • Or Ezra. Article on the man and the books which bear his name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Books of the Bible — ▪ Table Books of the Bible Jewish canon Christian canon Protestant canon (Revised Standard Version [RSV]) Roman Catholic canon (Douai Confraternity versions) Torah ( The Law ) Old Testament Genesis Genesis; or, The First Book of Moses The Book of …   Universalium

  • Books of Chronicles — For other uses, see Chronicles (disambiguation). Paralipomenon redirects here. For other uses, see Paralipomena (disambiguation). Hebrew Bible …   Wikipedia

  • Esdras — /ez dreuhs/, n. 1. either of the first two books of the Apocrypha, I Esdras or II Esdras. 2. Douay Bible. a. Ezra (def. 1). b. either of two books, I Esdras or II Esdras, corresponding to the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, respectively, in the… …   Universalium

  • Esdras — Es•dras [[t]ˈɛz drəs[/t]] n. 1) bib either of the first two books of the Apocrypha, I Esdras or II Esdras 2) bib Douay Bible. a) Ezra 1) b) either of two books, I Esdras or II Esdras, corresponding to the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, respectively …   From formal English to slang

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